Orange cultivation accounts for 65 percent of Egypt’s total citrus production. Mandarins and limes are also cultivated. Orange production alone accounts for 30-35 percent of Egypt’s total fruit production. Total citrus cultivated area in 1997 was 143,039 ha, whereas, it reached 165,776 ha in 2007. The main citrus species are oranges, mandarins and lemons which represent more than 98.8 % of the total area planted to citrus. The total area of oranges increased from 90,837 ha in 1997 to 104,426 ha in 2007.
70.8% of citrus plantations exist in the Nile Delta and the Valley, whereas 29.2% are located in the new reclaimed desert areas. The start of the Egyptian-German citrus improvement program in 1998, facilitating the propagation of disease free, true-to-type budlings is considered as breakthrough towards modernizing citrus activities.
Introducing new improved cultivars from within and outside Egypt in order to be competitive by introducing early-and late-maturing varieties. Multiplication of certified budwood started in Bahteem center in order to disseminate and produce registered budwood to some certified participating nurseries in the program, who would then propagate material for growers.